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What is Pheromones

Pheromones are chemical agents secreted by female insects to attract male insects.

What is Lure

Sex pheromones of different species are artificially produced for the integrated pest management. These pheromones are in form of lures(rubber septa) and are used to trap the targeted pests and insects .

How does Pheromone Lure work

Natural Behavior……

Pheromone Lure

Iris Melon Lure

Attracting Species:-Bactrocera cucurbitae.
Crops:-All vegetables, Tomato.
Field life:-60 Days.
Time to Install:-Before flowering.

Iris Fly trap

Bactrocera cucurbitae

Iris Mcphail Trap

Iris Fruit lure

Attracting Species:-Bactrocera dorsalis, B.corecta,B.zonata.
Crops:-Mango, Guava, Citrus,Sapota, Papaya, Custard apple, Pomegranate and all fruit crops.
Field life:-60 Days.
Time to Install:-Before flowering.

Bactrocera dorsalis

Iris fly trap.

Iris Mcphail Trap

Iris Leucinodes Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Leucinodes orbonalis (Brinjal shoot fruit borer)
Crops:- Brinjal
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before vegetative growth.

Iris Fly trap

Bactrocera cucurbitae

Iris Mcphail Trap

Iris Fall Army Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Spodoptera frugiperda(Fall army worm)
Crops:- Maize, Rice, Sugarcane & 80 other different crop.
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- At sowing time to all growth stages.

Adult

Iris Funnel trap

Larva

Iris Rhinoceros Beetle Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Rhinoceros beetle
Crops:- Coconut,Oil plam,Date plam
Field life:- 120-180 Days.
Time to Install:- Any stage of plant.

Rhinoceros beetle

Iris Bucket trap with activator

Iris Tuta Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Tuta absoluta(Tomato leaf miner)
Crops:- Tomato, Potato
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before vegetative growth.

Adult

Iris Water trap

Larva

Iris Diamond Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Plutella xylostella
Crops:- Cabbage, Cauliflower, Brocoli
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before vegetative growth.

Adult

Larva

Iris Delta trap

Iris Spodoptera Litura Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Spodoptera litura (Tobacco caterpillar)
Crops:- Red gram, Black gram, Chili,Cotton, Maize,Soybean,Groundnut.
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before vegetative growth.

Adult

Larva

Iris Funnel trap

Iris Pink Bollworm Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Pectinophora gossypiela
Crops:- Cotton, Okra, etc.
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before Flowering.

Adult

Iris Funnel trap

Larva

Iris Helicoverpa Lure

Attracting Insects pest:- Helicovorpa armigera (Cotton ballworm)
Crops:- Bengal gram, Red gram, Black gram, Chili, Cotton, Cow pea, Maize,
Okra, Soybean, Tomato, Groundnut.
Field life:- 45 Days.
Time to Install:- Before vegetative growth or before flowering.

Adult

Iris Water trap

Larva

Precautions while handling Lure
Don’t touch lure with dirty hands. Wash hands before/after handling Lures
Avoid any direct chemical contact with lure.
Always label the trap with date of fixing the lure.
Height of the trap should be 6 inches to 1 feet from the crop canopy of crops like watermelon, muskmelon & other cucurbits. For e.g., all vegetable crops.
Trap Installation height varies in crops that have a higher crop canopy, in that case, trap height may go from 4 to 4.5 feet. for e.g., horticulture crops.
Remove all captured adults during each visit. Put live ones into a bucket with soap solution to drown

Benefits of Pheromone Lure in the Field
Using specific pheromones, traps can be used to monitor target pests in agriculture or garden areas
Early detection of pest insects using pheromone traps can also lessen damage to agriculture and other plants
Farmers can avoid unnecessary expenses by estimating the number of insects on their fields and setting a strategy for pesticide use
If farmers set a trap before the flowering process starts, it will be easier to control the number of pests in the fields
Pheromones are low cost hence affordable
Easy to install and manage
Nontoxic
No residue on food
If used wisely can detect a low insect population.

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